Texas Panhandle | Texas South Plains

Armstrong County, Texas

Armstrong County, located on the High Plains and is broken by the Palo Duro Canyon. Land features chocolate loam and gray soils. Local economy consists of agribusiness, tourism and is home to commuters to Amarillo.

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Armstrong County Land & Ranch Listings

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Where is Armstrong County, Texas?

  • Armstrong County, in the central Panhandle on the eastern edge of the Texas High Plains, is bounded on the east by Donley County, on the north by Carson County, on the west by Randall County, and on the south by Swisher and Briscoe counties. It is named for one of several pioneer Texas families named Armstrong, though the sources are unclear about which one. The center of the county lies approximately at 34°58' north latitude and 101°20' west longitude. Claude, the county seat, is in the north central part of the county thirty miles east of Amarillo.

  • Armstrong County occupies 907 square miles of level plains and canyons. The northern half is generally level, as is the far southwest corner. The rest of the southern half of the county is covered by the great Palo Duro Canyon. The eastern end of Palo Duro Canyon State Scenic Park is in Armstrong County.

Adjacent Counties

  • Carson County (north)
  • Gray County (northeast)
  • Donley County (east)
  • Briscoe County (south)
  • Swisher County (southwest)
  • Randall County (west)
  • Potter County (northwest)

Sites and Attractions in Armstrong County

  • Palo Duro Canyon State Scenic Park, in Armstrong and Randall counties twelve miles east of Canyon on Texas Highway 217, covers 16,402 acres of scenic geological strata and formations that are estimated to be several million years old. Palo Duro Canyon has been a popular camping and picnic spot since the late 1880s.

  • Palo Duro Canyon is the most spectacular and scenic landscape feature in the Panhandle of Texas. The Spanish name Palo Duro means "hardwood" and refers to the hardwood shrubs and trees found in the canyon. Palo Duro Canyon was carved into the eastern Caprock escarpment of the High Plains during the past ninety million years by the headwaters of the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River and by attendant weathering.

  • Recreation and tourist attractions include The pioneer Goodnight Ranch Home, the Old Settlers Reunion, and the Caprock Roundup, which is held each year in July.

Farming and Ranching in Armstrong County 

  •  The soil surface of rich deep gray and chocolate loams supports abundant native grasses as well as wheat and grain sorghums in some areas. The county is crossed by three streams, the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River in Palo Duro Canyon, the Salt Fork of the Red River, and Mulberry Creek, all of which run year-round to some degree. Elevation ranges from 2,300 to 3,500 feet, and the average rainfall is 19.98 inches per year. The average minimum temperature is 19°F in January, and the average maximum is 92° in July. The growing season averages 213 days per year.

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