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Dallam County, Texas

Dallam County is prairie land broken by creeks and playas. Land features sandy, loam soils and the Rita Blanca National Grassland. Local economy consists of agribusiness, dairies, cheese manufacturing and tourism.

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Dallam County Land and Ranch Listings

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Land for sale dallam county

Where is Dallam County, Texas?

  • Dallam County is located in the far northwestern corner of the Texas Panhandle; its western border abuts New Mexico, and its northern boundary borders Oklahoma. The county seat, Dalhart, is located on the Dallam-Hartley county line in the south central part of the county. Texline, the county's only other incorporated town, is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 87 and the New Mexico border. The county's center lies at approximately 36°15' north latitude and 102°35' west longitude. Dallam County comprises approximately 1,505 square miles of the rolling grasslands of the Panhandle.

  • As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,703. The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1891. It is named for James Wilmer Dallam, a lawyer and newspaper publisher. Dallam is the northernmost of the 10 Texas counties that from 1885 to 1912 constituted the legendary XIT Ranch. The ranch is still celebrated through the XIT Museum in Dalhart and the annual XIT Rodeo and Reunion held the first long weekend in August.

Adjacent Counties

  • Cimarron County, Oklahoma (north)
  • Sherman County (east)
  • Hartley County (south)
  • Union County, New Mexico (west)
  • Moore County (southeast)

Sites and Attractions in Dallam County

  • ita Blanca National Grassland is a National Grassland on the Great Plains near the community of Texline in northwest Dallam County, Texas, in the Texas Panhandle, and in southern Cimarron County, Oklahoma, in the western Oklahoma Panhandle.
  • In 1941, while on a visit to Dalhart during the XIT Rodeo and Reunion, author, J. Frank Dobie made the comment "You ought to make this exhibit permanent." Dobie was speaking about a temporary exhibit organized each year during XIT. The exhibit material was on loan from past cowboys and area historians. In 1963 the Dallam Historical Survey Committee was organized and began placing medallions on historical structures, collecting information on historical sites and developing a historical museum.
  • The Dalhart Texan is the county's sole newspaper, and the chief cultural event is the annual XIT Reunion and Rodeo, held at Dalhart in August. Lake Rita Blanca, just across the line in Hartley County, provides recreation. Rita Blanca National Grassland covers several hundred acres in the north central part of the county.

Farming and Ranching in Dallam County 

  •  The terrain is marked by numerous dry arroyos and by the intermittent Rita Blanca, Carrizo, and Coldwater creeks, all of which drain into the Canadian River. The county's sandy, sandy loam, loam, and salty clay loam soils support a variety of natural grasses and trees, as well as numerous crops, including wheat, corn, milo, sorghum, and other grain products.
  • Ranching, the county's dominant industry, utilizes the abundant grasses to produce large numbers of beef cattle, along with some hogs and horses. The annual rainfall averages 17.38 inches, and the temperatures range from an average low of 19° F in January to an average high of 92° in July. The growing season averages 178 days annually.

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