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Dawson County, Texas

Dawson County is located in the South Plains. Land features loam and sandy soils. Local economy consists of agriculture, farm and gin equipment manufacturing, peanut plant and government services.

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Dawson County Land and Ranch Listings

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Where is Dawson County, Texas? 

  • Dawson County lies on the eastern edge of the Llano Estacado on the southern High Plains. The center point of the county is at 32°45' north latitude and 101°57' west longitude, sixty miles south of Lubbock. The county comprises 902 square miles of rolling prairie, broken on the east. The land, surfaced with sandy and loam soils, drains to playas. The altitude ranges from 2,600 to 3,200 feet above mean sea level.

  • As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,833. The county seat is Lamesa. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1905. It is named for Nicholas Mosby Dawson, a soldier of the Texas Revolution. Dawson County comprises the Lamesa, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is the smallest Micropolitan Statistical Area in the United States.

Adjacent Counties

  • Lynn County (north)
  • Borden County (east)
  • Martin County (south)
  • Gaines County (west)
  • Terry County (northwest)
  • Andrews County (southwest)
  • Howard County (southeast)

Sites and Attractions in Dawson County

  • The Lamesa Farm Workers Community Historic District in Los Ybanez in Dawson County, Texas, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. It is a 50 acres (20 ha) historic district which included 32 contributing buildings.

  • Little is known of the earlier history of Mungerville – or even if there was an earlier history. First reports are from 1947 when two businesses and a school were reported. The population that year was seventy – which may have been a peak. It soon disappeared from maps – although the 2000 census counted twenty residents.
  • The area was the summer home of Comanches and Kiowas, who moved from waterhole to waterhole in a region that White men supposed waterless. A portion of the future county was included in a Mexican grant issued to Dr. John Cameron on May 21, 1827.

Farming and Ranching in Dawson County

  • The altitude ranges from 2,600 to 3,200 feet above mean sea level. The average annual rainfall is 16.09 inches. The average minimum temperature in January is 28° F; the maximum average in July is 94°. The growing season averages 212 days. The county is crossed by Sulphur Springs Draw, a natural trail used by the Indians since prehistoric times and by the first White men who entered the South Plains. 
  •  Dawson County was second in the state in cotton production in 1980, and through the 1980s cotton continued to be the most important agricultural product. Sorghum and wheat were also important crops, and cattle and hogs were raised. Between the first discovery of oil and 1990, oil production totaled 294,809,170 barrels.

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