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Deaf Smith County, Texas

Deaf Smith County is located in the High Plains. Land features chocolate and sandy loam soils that drains to Palo Duro and Tierra Blanca creeks. Local economy consists of agriculture, varied industries, meat packing, and offset printing.

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Deaf Smith County Land and Ranch Listings

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Land for sale deaf smith county

Where is Deaf Smith County, Texas?

  • Deaf Smith County, on the western edge of the Panhandle, is bounded on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Oldham County, on the east by Randall County, and on the south by Parmer and Castro counties. It was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a famous scout of the Texas Revolution. The county's center point is at 102°30' west longitude and 35°00' north latitude. Deaf Smith County comprises approximately 1,497 square miles of level prairies and rolling plains on the western edge of the Llano Estacado.

Adjacent Counties

  • Oldham County (north)
  • Randall County (east)
  • Castro County (southeast)
  • Parmer County (south)
  • Curry County, New Mexico (southwest/Mountain Time Zone)
  • Quay County, New Mexico (west/Mountain Time Zone)

Sites and Attractions in Deaf Smith

  • Hereford (population, 15,211) is the county's seat of government and only urban center; in the late 1980s the town had six public elementary schools, two junior highs, a large high school, a county library, and two museums (the Deaf Smith County Historical Museum, and the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame and Western Heritage Center). Every August the town conducts a Miss Hereford contest and hosts the Cowgirl Hall of Fame All-Girl Rodeo. The total population of the county was 19,195, as of 2014.

  • The spacious Victorian house was built in 1909 by Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Black. Mr. & Mrs. Black moved to Hereford in 1901 with their three older children and started the E. B. Black Furniture Company. The youngest son was born in Hereford. Over the years Mr. Black purchased farm land and raised cattle. Their home is a tribute to the gracious living of pioneer families in Hereford. Mrs. Black prepared and served many meals to her family and guests in the large dining area.
  • In 1910, the Deaf Smith County Library boasted of 400 books in the back room of a store on south Main Street. In 1930, the Commissioner's Court voted to allow the library to occupy a room in the court-house and approved a tax levy to support it. In 1974, the library moved to its current location at 211 East Fourth Street. It houses over 79,000 items that include books, videos, books on tape, magazines, and newspapers. The library offers audio-visual equipment checkout, preschool story times, Summer Reading Club, adult programming, and interlibrary loan.

Farming and Ranching in Deaf Smith 

  •  Its loam soils, ranging from deep chocolate to sandy, support abundant native grasses as well as numerous agricultural products. Elevations range from 3,200 to 4,200 feet above sea level; the minimum average temperature is 22° F in January, and the average annual maximum is 93° in July. The average annual rainfall is 17.37 inches, and the annual growing season averages 185 days.
  • Tierra Blanca Creek flows intermittently across the southern part of the county, and Palo Duro and North Palo Duro creeks run across the northeastern portion of the county. These streams enter the Red River basin in or near Palo Duro Canyon, in Randall County.

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