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Hartley County, Texas

Hartley County is located in the high plains Panhandle. Land features playas and sandy loam and chocolate soils that drain to the Canadian River tributaries. Local economy consists of agriculture, dairies and gas production.

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Hartley County Land & Ranch Listings

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Land for sale hartley county

Where is Hartley County, Texas?

  • Hartley County, in the northwestern part of the Panhandle, is bordered on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Dallam County, on the east by Moore County, and on the south by Oldham County. The county seat, Channing, is about fifty miles northwest of Amarillo and about thirty miles south of Dalhart, which straddles the Hartley-Dallam county line. The center point of the county is at 35°50' north latitude and 102°35' west longitude.

  • The county was named for Rufus K. and Oliver C. Hartley. It comprises 1,488 square miles of level to rolling grasslands. The terrain is marked by jagged, dry arroyos and by the intermittent Punta de Agua and Rita Blanca creeks, which join in Hartley County and drain into the Canadian River in Oldham County. The elevation ranges between 3,400 and 4,200 feet above sea level.

Adjacent Counties

  • Dallam County (north)
  • Moore County (east)
  • Oldham County (south)
  • Quay County, New Mexico (southwest/Mountain Time Zone)
  • Union County, New Mexico (northwest/Mountain Time Zone)

Sites and Attractions in Hartley County 

  •  The county hosts the Matador Cowboy Reunion, held in Channing each August, and the XIT Rodeo and Reunion, held in Dalhart in July and August. From the beginnings to 1948 the county voted solidly Democratic in presidential elections, with the exception of its support of Herbert Hoover in 1928. From 1952 to 2004, however, county voters chose Republican candidates in every presidential election except those of 1956 and 1964.
  • An Apachean culture occupied the Panhandle-Plains area in prehistoric times; the modern Apaches emerged then but were pushed out of the region about 1700 by the Comanches, who ruled the area until they were defeated in the Red River War of 1873–74 and subsequently removed to Indian Territory.

Farming and Ranching in Hartley County 

  • In 1938 a flood-control dam was begun three miles south of Dalhart on Rita Blanca Creek. By 1941 the impoundment, named Rita Blanca Lake, had filled with water. Large natural-gas formations discovered in the late 1930s underlie parts of the county and bolster the economy. The annual rainfall averages eighteen inches, and the temperature ranges from an average high of 92° F in July to an average low of 20° in January. The growing season averages 180 days per year.

  •  In 2002 the county had 253 farms and ranches covering 789,289 acres, 64 percent of which were devoted to pasture and 35 percent to cropland. In that year farmers and ranchers in the area earned $447,275,000 (up 27 percent from 1997); livestock sales accounted for $378,899,000 of the total. Cattle, corn (including blue corn and popcorn), wheat, sorghum, and hay were the chief agricultural products. Natural gas production totaled nearly 6.6 billion cubic feet in 1982. In 2000 more than 2.6 billion cubic feet of gas and about 392,000 barrels of oil were produced in Hartley County; by the end of that year 6,183,825 barrels of oil had been taken from the area since 1937.

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