Texas Panhandle | Texas South Plains Land and Ranches for Sale

Oldham County, Texas

Oldham County is located in the Northwestern Panhandle and features level terrain broken by the Canadian River. Local economy consists of agriculture, wind energy, and sand and gravel.

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Oldham County Land & Ranch Listings

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Land for sale oldham county

Where is Oldham County, Texas?

  • Oldham County is in the northwestern corner of the Panhandle, bordered on the west by New Mexico, on the north by Hartley County, on the east by Potter County, and on the south by Deaf Smith County. The county's geographic center lies at 35°25' north latitude and 102°35' west longitude; Vega, the seat of government, is thirty miles west of Amarillo.

  • The area was named for Williamson Simpson Oldham, pioneer Texas lawyer and Confederate senator. Oldham County comprises 1,485 square miles of relatively level grassland, broken by the Canadian River and its numerous intermittent tributaries; elevations range from 3,200 to 4,200 feet above sea level.

Adjacent Counties

  • Hartley County (north)
  • Moore County (northeast)
  • Potter County (east)
  • Deaf Smith County (south)
  • Quay County, New Mexico (west/Mountain Time Zone)
  • Randall County (southeast)

Sites and Attractions in Oldham County

  • Built in the 1920s, the Magnolia Service Station served gasoline to Route 66 travelers and the community of Vega, Texas for decades. The building was constructed with two stories to allow the station’s operator to live in the upstairs quarters. Locals fondly remember getting their haircut in the building when it also provided barber services in later years.
  • There's a Cowboy Boot Tree on the grounds of Dot's Mini Museum," which is a shed of miscellaneous stuff from about 1950 or earlier in someone's side yard. The "museum" is about the only thing in Vega, whose claim to fame is that it's halfway between Chicago and LA along Route 66.

  • The Milburn-Price Culture Museum is a non-profit organization that seeks to educate the public about the history and culture of the Oldham county area.

Farming and Ranching in Oldham County

  •  The fine sandy loam and caliche soils in the area support a variety of native grasses as well as mesquite, sage, and shin oaks. Larger trees such as elm, hackberry, cottonwood, and oak grow in the river bottoms in some places. The soils are not generally conducive to farming, so the economy of the county is principally based on ranching. The area receives an average of 19.54 inches of rain per year. Temperatures range from an average minimum temperature of 22° F in January to an average maximum of 92° F in July; the annual growing season lasts 186 days.

  • In 2002 the county had 136 farms and ranches covering 936,390 acres, 86 percent of which were devoted to pasture and 13 percent to crops. In that year farmers and ranchers in the area earned $65,949,000; livestock sales accounted for $63,619,000 of the total. Beef cattle were the county's chief agricultural product; crops included wheat and grain sorghum.


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