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Yoakum County, Texas

Yoakum County is located in Western Texas with level to rolling terrain. Land features playas, draws, sandy, loam, and chocolate soils. Local economy consists of oil and gas and agriculture.

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Yoakum County Land & Ranch Listings

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Land for sale yoakum county

Where is Yoakum County, Texas?

  • Yoakum County is in western Texas on the southern High Plains, along the New Mexico border. The center of the county is at 32°10' north latitude and 102°50' west longitude. Plains, the county's seat of government, is fifty miles southwest of Lubbock. The area was named for Henderson King Yoakum. Yoakum County covers 800 square miles of nearly level terrain composed of sandy soils that support prairie grasses and some mesquite, yucca, shinnery oak, and sandsage. Elevations range from 3,400 to 3,900 feet above sea level. The area is drained by Sulphur Springs Draw, which runs through the center of the county. U.S. highways 380 and 82 (east-west) and State Highway 214 (north-south) serve the county.

Adjacent Counties

  • Cochran County (north)
  • Terry County (east)
  • Gaines County (south)
  • Lea County, New Mexico (west/Mountain Time Zone)

Sites and Attractions in Yoakum County

  • The Denver City Historical museum is located in a refurbished elementary school, five large murals highlight the entryway of the museum. Exhibits include oil field items, farm and ranching equipment, dentist tools, pharmacy items and other memorabilia important to the history of Denver City.

  • The county was organized in 1907, and Plains became the county seat. In 1900, the area had only 26 residents. One ranch in the county that year was devoted to cattle, rather than crops. Sale of state land after 1900 brought an increase in population. By 1910, 107 farms or ranches were in the area, and the population had increased to 602.

  • The area that is now Yoakum County was off the path of most early explorations, but Fray Juan de Salas crossed the region in 1632 on his second visit to the Jumano Indians. Comanche, Cheyenne, and Kiowa tribes made the land their own until buffalo hunters and bone gatherers ventured in after 1870.

Farming and Ranching in Yoakum County 

  • Temperatures vary from an average minimum of 24° F in January to an average maximum of 92° in July, and annual precipitation averages sixteen inches. The average growing season lasts 200 days.
  •  In 1982, 93 percent of the land in Yoakum County was in farms and ranches, and 44 percent of the farmland was under cultivation. Some 110,000 acres were irrigated. About 95 percent of agricultural revenue was derived from crops, especially cotton, sorghum, wheat, hay, and corn. The raising of livestock, especially beef cattle, hogs, and sheep, also contributed to the economy. In 1982 more than 471,000,000 cubic feet of gas-well gas, over 28,150,000,000 cubic feet of casinghead gas, and almost 48,440,000 barrels of petroleum were produced in the county.

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